Feel the Vibration (or not) Voiced and Voiceless Consonants.

(Exercising Your Mind)

! ! ! Warm it Up News ! ! !

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REVIEW

Book – “New Inside Out

Page 62: “News in brief”

whats-new

News:

new information or a report about something that has happened recently

HEADLINES

The-China-Daily-newspaper-001

Matching Headlines Page 62 New Inside Out

  1. b – POLICE THEFT
  2. a – DON’T ASK
  3. d – SLOW LANE
  4. f – KIND JUDGE
  5. c – KIDNAPPED
  6. e – UNFIT TO GUARD

Fill in the blanks using highlighted words in story

  • a – police officers
  • b – traffic police
  • c – ‘wanted list’
  • d – judge
  • e – convicted thief
  • f – fugitive

Today’s Reading & Pronunciation

Materials Needed:

  1. Word List (below)
  2. Book – “New Inside Out“ pg. 62
  3. Blank piece of paper
  4. Pen or pencilpen-and-paper_tradeshow

GOALS

  • Correctly label and pronounce past participle verbs ending with /ed/ (written and oral)
  • Demonstrate difference between voiced and voiceless consonants (oral)

BEHAVIORAL EXPECTATIONS

happy-asian-studnets-e1376594912401

  • Listen When I Speak
  • Follow Directions
  • Participate in reading, speaking and writing assignments

Here We Go!

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  • The ed ending on regular past simple verbs ending in /t/ or /d/ is pronounced with an extra syllable (/id/). For example: started, waited, ended.
  • For all other past simple verbs there’s no extra syllable. After unvoiced sounds: /k/, /p/, /f/, and /s/, ed is pronounced /t/. For example, stopped, walked, watched.
  • After voiced sounds, ed is pronounced /d/. For example, arrived, changed, used.

Voiced and Voiceless Consonants

What is a Voiced Consonant?

A simple explanation of voiced consonants is that they use the voice. This is easy to test by putting your finger on your throat. If you feel a vibration the consonant is voiced. Here is a list of some voiced consonants. Pronounce each consonant sound (not the letter) and feel the vibration of your vocal chords.

b
d
th (as in then)
v
l
r
z
j (as in Jane)

What is Voiceless Consonant?

Voiceless consonants do not use the voice. They are percussive and use hard sounds. Once again, you can test if a consonant is voiceless by putting your finger on your throat. You will feel no vibration in your throat, just a short explosion of air as you pronounce. Pronounce each of these consonant sounds and feel NO vibration in your throat.

p
t
k
s
sh
ch
th (as in thing)

Quoted from http://esl.about.com/od/speakingenglish/a/voiced.htm

 

ed = /t/                         ed = /d/                         ed = /id/

asked    based            believed     called          arrested     decided

 

 

Any Questions?

Let’s Get Started!

On a piece of paper, make three (3) columns for ed pronunciation labeled /t/, /d/, and /id/ like this

ed = /t/                         ed = /d/                         ed = /id/

asked    based            believed     called          arrested     decided

Then, using the word list below, add each word to the appropriate list depending on the pronounced sound of the ed ending just like the example above.

Finally, I will have each one of you pronounce a few words from the list, and then ask you to tell me if the consonant before the ed is voiced or voiceless.

 

Word List

  1. asked     used     treated     packed     arrived     departed
  2. ended     believed     talked     started     finished     studied
  3. traveled     dipped     arrested     hurried     picked     filled
  4. tripped     learned     complained     decided     allowed     ripped
  5. acted     played     skipped     called     added     answered
  6. forced     named     reported     stopped     based     contacted
  7. needed     involved     escaped     expected     described     checked

 

 

 

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